[ 彩材拆拆 x 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙 ]
𝙲𝚑𝟸𝟸. 𝚄𝚗𝚠𝚛𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚒𝚗𝚐 𝙲𝙼𝙵 𝚍𝚎𝚜𝚒𝚐𝚗 𝚘𝚗 𝚎𝚟𝚎𝚛𝚢𝚝𝚑𝚒𝚗𝚐 𝚌𝚊𝚗 𝚋𝚎 𝙲𝙼𝙵 𝚛𝚎𝚕𝚊𝚝𝚎𝚍
Ch22. 拆招CMF設計談萬物皆可CMF

CMF為Color Material and Finishing,譯為色彩、材質、及表面處理工藝,屬於 工業設計 旗下重要的一環。Unwrap CMF( 彩材拆拆 )將圍繞著這個主題,以淺而易懂的小故事拆解 CMF設計師 的日常。

自從進入CMF領域之後,對各種行業更多了份 同理心 。比如在修復老屋時,我能理解工程中可能會遭遇的風險,也更能在理想設計和現實成本之間取得平衡。再比如,當 entadar 包袋品牌的好友跟我分享包袋的製造過程,即使對於皮革等軟材料不熟悉,我也能略懂一二(CMF真的是學無止盡☺️)。

PU皮革 被廣泛運用在汽車內裝、家居裝潢、包袋及鞋類等產業,但為什麼有些特別硬實,有些又特別軟滑?答案其實不只在選材之中喔! . 比如 entadar 的皮革使用的是一層PU、一層 #聚酯纖維 (英譯polyester,亦稱為 #特多龍 )貼合而成。市面上也常見以 #尼龍 、 #棉布 等材質替代聚酯纖維。然而,PU皮革關鍵的 #材料特性 其實是定奪於PU層(聚氨酯)的配方。

PU配方中耐水解、防水性、調色、手感的成分比例,都將取決成品的質感。同樣是皮革製品,有些可以抗曬防水,甚至可以清洗,但有些卻在一兩年內就崩裂成碎屑,這些秘密都藏在PU層的配方裡。當然,越耐久、質感越佳的皮革,其價值也呼應在它的成本中💰👀

就像是CMF設計師的日常職責,包袋設計師也要經常與材質及供應鏈打交道。像是包袋和配件的材質與配色、打樣和大貨製造過程中的損耗(同等於CMF中的試產及量產的良率)、材質的特性及成本等,都是似曾相識的有趣挑戰(๑•̀ㅂ•́)و✧

所以啊,雖然CMF設計是很小眾的領域,但其中的眉眉角角也可以帶入我們生活日常以及各行各業的場景之中唷!

Entadar 台灣旅行配件品牌👉🏻 官網 / Instagram / Facebook

延伸閱讀:
Ch7. 拆招CMF設計談跨產業的源源機會

CMF is short for Color Material and Finishing. It is a specific field within industrial design. In the future, Unwrap CMF will write about little stories of CMF Design for those who are interested in learning more about the field.

Since becoming a CMF Designer, I have gained more perspectives even for other industries. For example, while working on the house restoration project, I can understand the possible risks during construction, and I can also better balance between the design intent and the cost budget. For another example, when my friend from Entadar brand shares the bag manufacturing process, even though it is an unfamaliar field, I wouldn’t be lost in the conversation.

PU leather is widely used in automotive interiors, home furnishings, bags and footwear industries, but why some are hard and some are soft and smooth? The answer is not only in the material!

The leather of Entadar is consisted of a layer of PU and a layer of polyester. The polyester layer can also be replaced with nylon or fabric. However, the key to leather’s material property is actually determined by the formula of the PU layer.

Some leather products are sunlight-resistant, waterproof, and even washable, but some can crack into crumbs within a year or two. That is because the additive in the PU formula will decide the material performance. And of course, the more durable and better tactility it has, it is going to be reflected in the cost 💰👀

Just like CMF Designers, Bag Designers also often work closely with materials and suppliers. Such as material selection (characteristic and cost), color matching of parts, and the NG losses during prototyping and mass production – don’t these challenges sound familiar? (๑•̀ㅂ•́)و✧

And therefore, although CMF Design is a very niche field, the traces of CMF can also be observed in our daily lives and across different industries!

Entadar bag brand👉🏻 Website / Instagram / Facebook

Continue reading:
Ch7. Unwrapping CMF Design on Cross-Industry Opportunities

淺色在打樣階段即暴露易產生皺痕的弱點,固然好看也只能遺憾捨棄該配色。
During prototyping, PU leather in light color was easily wrinkled. Despite of it looking nice, the color sadly had to be removed.
包袋產業也會遇到生產的損耗喔,比如原材料損傷、皺折、車縫線不齊等品質細節。
Bag industry also encounters NG losses in production: quality details such as material damage, wrinkles, uneven stitching, etc.
萬物皆可CMF,譬如說包袋使用織帶的材質成份、配色、編織工法等。
Everything can be CMF related, such as the material content, color, and weaving of bag straps.
當然,還有上一章節聊過的:紋理設計!
And of course, as mentioned in the previous chapter – patterns!
因為對材料和製程的嚴謹把關,才能將最好的成品帶給消費者。
Great products are brought to customers because of the effort in material selection and manufacturing process.
See more great products or shop at Entadar!
因為對材料和製程的嚴謹把關,才能將最好的成品帶給消費者。
Great products are brought to customers because of the effort in material selection and manufacturing process.
See more great products or shop at Entadar!
因為對材料和製程的嚴謹把關,才能將最好的成品帶給消費者。
Great products are brought to customers because of the effort in material selection and manufacturing process.
See more great products or shop at Entadar!




CMF學無止境,歡迎留言補充。
Comments and inspirations are welcome!
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Color and Material Design Manager previously at Motorola (a Lenovo company). Currently a full-time student at Columbia University and aspired to share her knowledges about CMF Design. 前聯想旗下摩托羅拉CMF設計經理,現全職攻讀哥倫比亞大學碩士學位,並用時間一字一字的紀錄CMF點滴。

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