[ 彩材拆拆 x 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙 ]
𝙲𝚑𝟸𝟹. 𝚄𝚗𝚠𝚛𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚒𝚗𝚐 𝙲𝙼𝙵 𝚍𝚎𝚜𝚒𝚐𝚗 𝚘𝚗 𝚏𝚛𝚘𝚖 𝚎𝚌𝚘-𝚏𝚛𝚒𝚎𝚗𝚍𝚕𝚒𝚗𝚎𝚜𝚜 𝚝𝚘 𝚜𝚞𝚜𝚝𝚊𝚒𝚗𝚊𝚋𝚒𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚢
Ch23. 拆招CMF設計談從環境友善到永續

CMF為Color Material and Finishing,譯為色彩、材質、及表面處理工藝,屬於 工業設計 旗下重要的一環。Unwrap CMF( 彩材拆拆 )將圍繞著這個主題,以淺而易懂的小故事拆解 CMF設計師 的日常。

環保 一直是CMF設計領域的長年議題,但隨著時代變遷,環保議題的側重也在慢慢演變。

在早期,環保材料的關鍵字是「環境友善(eco-friendly)」,也就是竹、木等非人造的天然材質。然而,在意識到現代生活已經無法避免塑膠等人為製品後,近年改而以「永續(sustainability)」作為主軸。

永續 只是大方向,在執行層面有多種可能:天然材質、創新材料的開發(如近年爆紅的咖啡渣、鳳梨纖維、貝殼薄膜等)、回收材料的循環利用、減免製程中的能源耗費等,都是可以發揮的產品落實方案。

然而永續材質最大的挑戰莫過於它的普及速度,舉竹纖維為例,自從21世紀初期正式問世,一直到過去幾年才慢慢被普及於消費市場。即便如此,因為竹纖維的材料特性,導致它還是無法被許多有高規測試要求的行業所運用。

除了消費市場,在製造端的普及也是一大挑戰。再舉例我熟悉的手機行業,雖然 水性漆 已在其他產品上被廣泛運用,並非新材料,但要將水性漆落實於手機製造鏈卻是艱難的過程。在這個長年使用油性漆的產業,如果切換到水性漆,運輸、存放、噴塗產線都須重新拉通,實非易事。

無論是環境友善或永續都不容易,需要製造端、設計師、消費者協心齊力。

最後換個角度,從「環境友善」到「永續」,這個轉變其實也是消費者市場趨勢變化的案例。這邊我先賣個關子,暫時不深入探討 趨勢預測 這一言難盡的主題,但先丟出來讓讀者們思考:如果站在千禧年的時間點,你會比較認同「零塑」還是「塑膠回收再利用」呢?

延伸閱讀:
Ch20. 拆招CMF設計談永續材質圖書館

CMF is short for Color Material and Finishing. It is a specific field within industrial design. In the future, Unwrap CMF will write about little stories of CMF Design for those who are interested in learning more about the field.

Environmental protection has been a long-standing topic in CMF Design, but its focus slowly evolves as time passes by.

In the early days, we would usually use “eco-friendly” as the keyword, that is, natural materials such as wood. However, after realizing that we cannot take away plastic from modern life, the focus of the discussion has evolved into the “sustainability” of material usage.

Sustainability is a broad genre. There are many possibilities at the implementation level: natural materials, material repurpose (such as coffee grounds, pineapple fibers, etc.), material recycling, energy reduction during manufacturing, etc.

However, the biggest challenge is the speed of popularity. Take bamboo fiber as an example: since its official appearance in the early 2000’s, it hasn’t been popularized in the consumer market until the past few years. Even so, due to its material property, bamboo fiber is still rejected by industries of high testing standards.

Popularization in manufacturing is just as challenging. Taking mobile phone industry as another example. Although water-based paint has been widely used on other products, it is hardly implementable in the mobile phone industry. In this industry that traditionally uses oil-based paint, to switch to water-based paint, the transportation, storage, and production lines all have to be reconstructed.

Neither eco-friendliness or sustainability is an easy path. It requires all of us to work together, and that means the manufacturers, designers, and consumers.

Lastly, let’s look at it from a different angle: the evolution from eco-friendliness to sustainability is a vivid example of changes in consumer trends. I won’t dive into trend forecasting this time, but let me throw out a question to think about: if standing in the time of 2000, would you agree more with “zero plastic” or “plastic recycling and repurpose”?

Continue reading:
Ch20. Unwrapping CMF Design on Sustainable Material Library

環保意識需多元發展:自然材質、材料的循環利用、減免製程中的能源耗費等。
Environmental protection includes but not limited to use of natural materials, recycling, energy reduction during manufacturing, etc.
(Photo taken at Sustainable Material Library by 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙.)
早年,環保意識尚被侷限於木料等自然材質。
In the earlier time, environmental awareness was limited to non-manmade materials such as wood.
後來,環保意識開始拓展到材料的再生利用,如輪胎回收加工後製成地墊。
And then environmental awareness began to extend to the idea of material recycling, such as floor mats made of recycled tires.
(Photo taken at Sustainable Material Library by 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙.)
海洋廢料經熱壓成型的各種回收運用。
Various applications of recycled ocean waste through hot pressing.
(Photo taken at Sustainable Material Library by 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙.)
竹纖維已是常見並成熟的有機材料,近年也陸續出現咖啡渣、鳳梨纖維等創新運用。
Bamboo fiber is a well-developed organic material. Lately, we are also seeing innovations with coffee grounds, pineapple fiber, etc.
(Octagonal plate made of bamboo fiber by TZULAï.)




CMF學無止境,歡迎留言補充。
Comments and inspirations are welcome!
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Color and Material Design Manager previously at Motorola (a Lenovo company). Currently a full-time student at Columbia University and aspired to share her knowledges about CMF Design. 前聯想旗下摩托羅拉CMF設計經理,現全職攻讀哥倫比亞大學碩士學位,並用時間一字一字的紀錄CMF點滴。

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