[ 彩材拆拆 x 𝗨𝗡𝗪𝗥𝗔𝗣 𝗖𝗠𝗙 ]
𝙲𝚑𝟹𝟹. 𝚄𝚗𝚠𝚛𝚊𝚙𝚙𝚒𝚗𝚐 𝙲𝙼𝙵 𝚍𝚎𝚜𝚒𝚐𝚗 𝚘𝚗 𝚎𝚊𝚌𝚑 𝚌𝚘𝚕𝚘𝚛’𝚜 𝚍𝚒𝚏𝚏𝚎𝚛𝚎𝚗𝚝 𝚖𝚊𝚝𝚎𝚛𝚒𝚊𝚕 𝚙𝚎𝚛𝚜𝚘𝚗𝚊𝚕𝚒𝚝𝚢
Ch.33 拆招CMF設計談每個顏色也有不同材料個性?!

CMF為Color Material and Finishing,譯為色彩、材質、及表面處理工藝,屬於 工業設計 旗下重要的一環。Unwrap CMF( 彩材拆拆 )將圍繞著這個主題,以淺而易懂的小故事拆解 CMF設計師 的日常。








CMF is short for Color Material and Finishing. It is a specific field within industrial design. In the future, Unwrap CMF will write about little stories of CMF Design for those who are interested in learning more about the field.

After nearly 4 years of services and hardship, my first AirPods has finally retired this week 👵🏻

Sat next to the brand new AirPods, the old set wasn’t much worse. Obviously, it had been dropped a couple times, plus scratches here and there from jangling with keys in the purse. However, the scratches are less noticeable on the surface of the white material of the AirPods casing. In contrast, the wear and tear of uncoated plastic is particularly obvious on the surface of another example of black external hard-drive.

People come with different shapes and curvatures, and each person has a style that best suits him or herself. Similarly, each color also comes with its own material “personality”!

From a technical point of view, we know that materials will behave differently due to factors such as material strength (e.g. composition ratio of plastic with PC, ABS, and glass fiber), surface treatment (e.g. polished or satin) and etc. But at the same time, it should be noted that even with the same material and manufacturing process, each color may result differently.

This says, for the best result, C (color) and MF (material and finishing) should not be considered separately:
⚠️ Some material processes are unavailable for specific colors, such as metal anodization and white.
⚠️ Some processes are unstable to produce specific color range, such as PVD and red/purple hues.
⚠️ Some colors may weaken the visual effect, such as that the color-changing quality of iridescent pearls are not as visible on vibrant base colors.

However, this does not mean that any material and process should be rejected due to the choice of color. Instead, at the concept creation phase, it is important to consider the suitability between the C and the MF: “Can we use another process instead of anodizing, or can we use light silver instead of white?”, “Can we propose another color that is stable for PVD process, or be ready to accept a wider range of limit board in production?”

This lesson also proves how manufacturing knowledge compliments the readiness of a design concept, and hence the importance for a qualified designer to always be in the look-out for building material and manufacturing knowledges as you go! 🤓

After nearly 4 years of use, the white casing of the AirPods hasn’t worn off terribly (left: newly bought, right: the old set).
Scratches are less noticeable on the surface of white material.
In contrast, the wear and tear of uncoated plastic is particularly obvious on the surface of this example in black color.
Instead of scratches, for uncoated white plastic, staining issues are more likely to occur, especially on matte surfaces.

Comments and inspirations are welcome!
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Color and Material Design Manager previously at Motorola (a Lenovo company). Currently a full-time student at Columbia University and aspired to share her knowledges about CMF Design. 前聯想旗下摩托羅拉CMF設計經理,現全職攻讀哥倫比亞大學碩士學位,並用時間一字一字的紀錄CMF點滴。

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